The Oji-Cree, Algonquin, Cayuga, Chippewa, Cree, Delaware, Lenape, Mississauga, Mohawk, Odawa, Ojibway, Oneida, Onondaga, Pottawotami, Seneca and Tuscarora Indigenous Nations in Ontario have directed Chiefs of Ontario engagement in international activities and mechanisms to advance their rights and interests in international conventions, Treaties and other instruments.
Being 1 of 193 United Nations (UN) member states throughout the world, Canada has obligations in the following human rights Treaties:
- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Genocide Convention) - ratified by Canada on September 3, 1952 and came into force on January 12, 1951
- International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) - ratified by Canada on October 14, 1970 and came into force on January 4, 1969
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) - ratified by Canada on May 19, 1976 and came into force on March 23, 1976
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) - raftified by Canada on May 19, 1976 and came into foce on January 3, 1976
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) - ratified by Canada on December 10, 1981 and came into force on September 3, 1981
- Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) - ratified by Canada on June 24, 1987 and came into force on June 26, 1987
- Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) - ratified by Canada on December 13, 1991 and came into force on September 2, 1990
- Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) - ratified by Canada on March 11, 2010 and came into force on May 3, 2008
Chiefs of Ontario strategically participates in key international fora and events and has forged relationsihps and partnerships with other Indigenous Peoples and their organizations, and human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
The UN has 3 bodies mandated to deal specifically with Indigenous Peoples' issues. Click on them below for more information and/or documents related to the Chiefs of Ontario's participation.
UN PERMANENT FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUES (UNPFII)
EXPERT MECHANISM ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
In addition to the above, click on the following key issues and activities for more information and/or documents:
DOCTRINE OF DISCOVERY
UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES (UNDRIP)
FREE, PRIOR AND INFORMED CONSENT (FPIC)
CANADA AND CHINA FOREIGN INVESTMENT PROMOTION AND PROTECTION AGREEMENT (FIPPA)
CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW)
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION (ICERD)